Opiate Addiction Treatment During Pregnancy

The number of opiate users continues to rise at a disturbingly high rate, and now includes an estimated 1 in 50 pregnant women. Opiates describe a specific class of drugs. You can either get them through a prescription ― codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, and morphine ― or in illegal forms, such as heroin.

While taking opiates can pose risks to anyone, the consequences can be even more serious when taken during pregnancy. Whether a woman uses prescription opiates or heroin, they can increase their baby’s chances of having several problems, including:

It can be difficult to stop using opiates, because the body goes into withdrawal. To compound the problem, the baby can go through withdrawal, too. Fortunately, at his OB/GYN practice in Newburgh, Indiana, Paul W. Morrison, M.D., has treatment options that can keep you and your baby safe throughout your pregnancy and delivery.

The risks of opiate withdrawal during pregnancy

When you stop taking opiates, it can severely throw off your body in a process known as withdrawal. Common symptoms of withdrawal can include:

These reactions can impact your baby, too, and even lead to premature labor, miscarriage, or fetal distress. 

In most cases, withdrawal can be most dangerous for an unborn baby before week 14 and after week 32. But the risks of withdrawal don’t stop after childbirth. Newborn babies can also experience NAS — a disorder that affects at least 50% of babies born to opiate-addicted mothers. Symptoms of NAS typically start a few days after birth, when the baby starts going through opiate withdrawal.

If you have an opiate addiction, seek treatment as quickly as possible, and tell your doctor if you think your baby could be at risk of NAS.

Treating opiate addiction during pregnancy

In an ideal world, you would undergo an opiate treatment program before becoming pregnant and then wait a few months to conceive. However, under medical supervision, you can still recover from opiate addiction while pregnant.

For most pregnant women, Dr. Morrison recommends opiate Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT), such as methadone or buprenorphine. These therapies can help manage dependency on opiates, they pose few risks to unborn babies, and are much safer than any other alternative. When you undergo opiate medication assisted therapy, Dr. Morrison also closely monitors your pregnancy for any complications.

Treating your addiction or dependency during pregnancy offers several benefits, including:

Opiate addiction treatment also results in better long-term health outcomes for both you and your child. Breastfeeding is safe with medication assisted therapy, and is strongly encouraged for new mothers on opiate medication assisted therapy. 


If you use opiates and are pregnant, or if you’re thinking of conceiving, Dr. Morrison can give you guidance and treatment. To learn more, book an appointment online or over the phone with the practice of Paul W. Morrison, M.D. today.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Curable?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a relatively common medical problem for women in their child-bearing years, and it can cause an array of symptoms, including infertility. If you have PCOS, here’s how we can help.

5 Things That Can Trigger Endometriosis

Endometriosis affects millions of women, causing painful symptoms that can interfere with daily living. Although there’s no cure, researchers are learning more about what causes the condition, including these five potential triggers.

I've Skipped Two Periods: Should I Be Concerned?

Skipping one period usually isn’t anything to be concerned about. But what if you skip two periods? Does that mean you’re pregnant? Or that something is wrong? Read on to learn what could be happening and when you should make an appointment.

Is a Contraceptive Implant Safe?

Contraceptive implants are a popular form of birth control because they’re effective, and, unlike pills, you can’t forget to use them. But are they safe? If you’re considering the implant, here’s what you should know.

5 STDs and How They’re Treated

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) affect millions people. Fortunately, most STDs can be treated successfully. Here are five common STDs every woman should know about, along with the treatments used to cure or manage them.